Computer games

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A computer game is an entertainment-oriented computer-controlled game in which players interact with things displayed on a screen. A video game is essentially the same sort of entertainment, but it includes games played on a console or arcade machine as well as games played on a personal computer. The phrase “computer game” also refers to games that merely show text (and so can conceivably be played on a teletypewriter), or games that use other ways as their primary feedback device, such as sound or vibration, or a controller (console games), or a combination of any of the aforementioned. Input devices that are more esoteric have also been used (see also Game controller). There are usually rules and objectives, but in more open-ended games, the player is allowed to do whatever they want within the virtual realm.

Computer and video games are formally referred to as interactive entertainment. Throughout this article, game software is referred to as “computer and video games” to prevent ambiguity.

A “computer game,” sometimes known as a “PC game,” is a game that is played on a personal computer. A “console game” is one that is played on a device that is specifically built for this purpose and connects to a conventional television set. In regions where the term is used, “video game” (or “videogame”) has grown into a catchall phrase that includes the aforementioned as well as any game made for any other device, including but not limited to mobile phones, PDAs, advanced calculators, and so on.

Gameplay

Gameplay is a phrase used in computer and video games to describe how a player interacts with a game. It involves direct contact, such as controls and interfaces, as well as game design elements, like as stages and graphics. It also offers a variety of game challenges, with the game becoming harder or easier as it progresses.

Although its use is often questioned since it is deemed too broad for the range of concepts it depicts, it is now the most often used and approved phrase for this purpose when describing video games.

Genres

Games, like most other forms of media, can be divided into genres depending on gameplay, atmosphere, and other elements. Games, in fact, are frequently easier to categorise by genre than films, music, or books. Electronic games are immersed in a time of extreme formalism due to gaming’s very brief history, technical restrictions, and the commercial pressures currently influencing the North American and Japanese markets. Video games have recently experienced a surge in popularity, which has coincided with an increase in production value and, as a result, development costs. As gamers anticipate great voice acting, massive, meticulously-constructed environments, and Hollywood-quality sound effects, production costs climb, and most publishers (wanting to maximise profits) choose to produce games based on “tried-and-true” ideas, borrowing significantly from prior games and themes.

This is exemplified by the fact that publishers frequently create “franchises,” which reuse the same characters, scenarios, conflicts, gaming mechanics, and themes over multiple sequels. With notable exceptions, many games combine genres, but very few live beyond the paradigm of previously defined genres.

The following are the most popular genres today:

  • Platformer
  • Adventure
  • Playing a role in a role-playing game (RPG)
  • MMORPG
  • MMOSG
  • Sports
  • Racing
  • Action
  • Fighting
  • Shooting
  • Shooter in the first person (FPS)
  • Shooter in the third person
  • Puzzle
  • Simulation
  • a game of strategy
  • Turn-based
  • Instantaneous (RTS)

Game centred on stealth

Most games nowadays are a mix of two or more genres, such as an action role-playing game. There are also a number of genres that were hybrid versions of other media, such as novels or movies, but are now generally unpopular; the most well-known of these are interactive fiction and interactive cinema.

As online gaming has grown in popularity, new sub-genres have emerged, such as massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG).

Video games with multiple players

Multiplayer video games are those that may be played competitively or collaboratively online or through the console using several controllers. Video games have always supported up to four players, but with the release of Xbox and Xbox Live, it is now possible to play with up to 16 players online or via linked Xbox consoles. Sega’s Dreamcast video game console performed an excellent job of creating titles that could be played competitively or collaboratively by many players. Multiplayer gaming may convert video games into both a social and a fun experience.